What You Need to Know About Ebola 10-15-2014
Wednesday, October 15, 2014
A person infected with Ebola can’t spread the disease until symptoms appear
The time from exposure to when signs or symptoms of the disease appear (the incubation period) is 2 to 21 days, but the average time is 8 to 10 days. Signs of Ebola include fever (higher than 101.5°F) and symptoms like severe headache, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, or unexplained bleeding or bruising.
Ebola is spread through direct contact with blood and body fluids
Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or through your eyes, nose, or mouth) with:
Ebola is not spread through the air, water, or food
- Blood and body fluids (like urine, feces, saliva, vomit, sweat, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola.
- Objects (like needles) that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola.
Protect yourself against Ebola
There is no FDA-approved vaccine available for Ebola. Experimental vaccines and treatments for Ebola are under development, but they have not yet been fully tested for safety or effectiveness.
To protect yourself from Ebola
- DO wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Do NOT touch the blood or body fluids (like urine, feces, saliva, vomit, sweat, and semen) of people who are sick.
- Do NOT handle items that may have come in contact with a sick person’s blood or body fluids, like clothes, bedding, needles.
- Do NOT touch the body of someone who has died of Ebola
Enterovirus D68 In Communities in New Jersey 10-01-2014
Wednesday, October 1, 2014
As NJ continues to test people that may be sick with Enterovirus D68, they are beginning to find cases in N.J. So far a handful of people have tested positive. More people have tested positive for other enteroviruses and the cold virus It is important to know that this is the end of the enterovirus season and the beginning of flu season.
Anyone who has a cold that worsens quickly and/or develops breathing difficulties should contact their health care provider. Once again, the best prevention for illness is hand washing: often and with warm water and soap. Hand sanitizers are not as effective against viruses.
For more information, visit the New Jersey Department of Health website and review the Frequently Asked Questions, which is routinely updated. http://www.nj.gov/health/cd/documents/faq/ev_faq.pdf
First Case of Ebola in the U.S. - CDC Press Release 09/30/2014
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed today, through
laboratory tests, the first case of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States
in a person who had traveled to Dallas, Texas from Liberia. The patient did not
have symptoms when leaving West Africa, but developed symptoms approximately
four days after arriving in the U.S. on Sept. 20.
The person fell ill on
Sept. 24 and sought medical care at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas
on Sept. 26. After developing symptoms consistent with Ebola, he was admitted to
hospital on Sept. 28. Based on the person’s travel history and symptoms, CDC
recommended testing for Ebola. The medical facility isolated the patient and
sent specimens for testing at CDC and at a Texas lab participating in the CDC’s
Laboratory Response Network. CDC and the Texas Health Department reported the
laboratory test results to the medical center to inform the patient. A CDC team
is being dispatched to Dallas to assist with the investigation.
can be scary. But there’s all the difference in the world between the U.S. and
parts of Africa where Ebola is spreading. The United States has a strong health
care system and public health professionals who will make sure this case does
not threaten our communities,” said CDC Director, Dr. Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H.
“While it is not impossible that there could be additional cases associated with
this patient in the coming weeks, I have no doubt that we will contain
The ill person did not exhibit symptoms of Ebola during the
flights from West Africa and CDC does not recommend that people on the same
commercial airline flights undergo monitoring, as Ebola is contagious only if
the person is experiencing active symptoms. The person reported developing
symptoms several days after the return flight. Anyone concerned about possible
exposure may call CDC-Info at 800-CDC-INFO for more information.
recognizes that even a single case of Ebola diagnosed in the United States
raises concerns. Knowing the possibility exists, medical and public health
professionals across the country have been preparing to respond. CDC and public
health officials in Texas are taking precautions to identify people who have had
close personal contact with the ill person, and health care professionals have
been reminded to use meticulous infection control at all times.
know how to stop Ebola’s further spread: thorough case finding, isolation of ill
people, contacting people exposed to the ill person, and further isolation of
contacts if they develop symptoms. The U.S. public health and medical systems
have had prior experience with sporadic cases of diseases such as Ebola. In the
past decade, the United States had 5 imported cases of viral hemorrhagic fever
(VHF) diseases similar to Ebola (1 Marburg, 4 Lassa). None resulted in any
transmission in the United States.
CDC has been anticipating and
preparing for a case of Ebola in the United States. We have
•Enhancing surveillance and laboratory testing capacity in states
to detect cases •Developing guidance and tools for health departments to conduct
public health investigations •Providing recommendations for healthcare
infection control and other measures to prevent disease spread •Providing
guidance for flight crews, Emergency Medical Services units at airports, and
Customs and Border Protection officers about reporting ill travelers to CDC
•Disseminating up-to-date information to the general public, international
travelers, and public health partners The data health officials have seen in the
past few decades since Ebola was discovered indicate that it is not spread
through casual contact or through the air. Ebola is spread through direct
contact with bodily fluids of a sick person or exposure to objects such as
needles that have been contaminated. The illness has an average 8-10 day
incubation period (although it ranges from 2 to 21 days); CDC recommends
monitoring exposed people for symptoms a complete 21 days. People are not
contagious after exposure unless they develop symptoms.
is available at www.cdc.gov/ebola
Ebola Crisis in West Africa Prompts Strictest Warning - July 31, 2014
Thursday, July 31, 2014
CDC on Thursday, July 31, issued a warning to avoid all nonessential travel to
the West African nations of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The Level 3 travel
warning, which is the highest level possible, is a reflection of the worsening
Ebola outbreak in that region.
“This is the biggest and most complex Ebola outbreak in history,” CDC Director Tom Frieden said in a news release, adding: “It will take many months, and it won’t be easy, but Ebola can be stopped. We know what needs to be done. CDC is surging our response, sending 50 additional disease control experts to the region in the next 30 days.”
In addition to warning travelers to avoid going to the region, CDC is also assisting with
active screening and education efforts on the ground in West Africa to prevent sick travelers
from getting on planes. On the remote possibility that they do, CDC has protocols in place
to protect against further spread of disease. These include notification to CDC of ill
passengers on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary,
quarantine. Earlier in the week CDC issued a Health Alert Notice.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is one of numerous Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers.
It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).
When an infection does occur in humans, there are several ways in which the virus can be
transmitted to others. These include:
•direct contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person
•exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions
Ebola does not spread through the air or respiratory droplets like flu or other contagious
illnesses. For more information, visit, www.cdc.gov/ebola
CDC Report Shows 20-year US Immunization Program Prevent Vaccine Preventable Disease May 5, 2014
Monday, May 5, 2014
estimates that vaccinations will prevent more than 21 million hospitalizations
and 732,000 deaths among children born in the last 20 years. Despite the U.S.
immunization program’s success, according to CDC officials, 129 people in the
U.S. have been reported to have measles this year in 13 outbreaks, as of April
the Vaccines for Children program (VFC) was launched in direct response to a
measles resurgence in the United States that caused tens of thousands of cases
and over a hundred deaths, despite the availability of a measles vaccine since
1963. The VFC program provides vaccines to children whose parents or caregivers
might otherwise be unable to afford them.
20th anniversary of the VFC program’s implementation is occurring
during an increase in measles cases in the U.S. In 2013, 189 Americans had
measles. In 2011, 220 people in the U.S. were reported as having measles--the
highest number of annual cases since 1996.
the VFC program, children in our country are no longer at significant risk from
diseases that once killed thousands each year,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden,
M.D., M.P.H. “Current outbreaks of measles in the U.S. serve as a reminder that
these diseases are only a plane ride away. Borders can’t stop measles, but
reports 34 people, among the 129 cases this year, brought measles into the U.S.
after being infected in other countries. Though not direct imports, most of the
remaining cases are known to be linked to importations. Most people who
reported having measles in 2014 were not vaccinated or did not know their
measles is a highly contagious disease, it can spread quickly among unvaccinated
people. The CDC recommends people of all ages keep up to date with their
vaccinations. CDC recommends two doses of MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella)
vaccine for everyone starting at age 12 months. Infants 6 through 11 months old
should receive 1 dose of MMR vaccine before international travel.
children born during the VFC era, the U.S. immunization program continues to pay
enormous benefits. According to analysis by the CDC, hospitalizations avoided
and lives saved through vaccination will save nearly $295 billion in direct
costs and $1.38 trillion in total societal costs. Parents can learn more about
the VFC program at http://www.cdc.gov/features/vfcprogram/.
is the start of National Infant Immunization Week, which will bring together
communities across the country in raising awareness about the importance
immunization. For more information, go to www.cdc.gov/vaccines.
not all diseases that threaten U.S. borders can be prevented today by vaccines
and require different strategies to protect Americans. “The health security of
the United States is only as strong as the health security of all nations around
the world. We are all connected by the food we eat, the water we drink, and air
we breathe,” said Dr. Frieden. “Stopping outbreaks where they start is the most
effective and least costly way to prevent disease and save lives at home and
abroad – and it’s the right thing to do.”
Source: www.cdc.gov/vaccines April 24, 2014
Were You Affected by Super Storm Sandy?
Friday, March 21, 2014
If you were affected by Super Storm Sandy, or if you still are affected by this storm, the Morris County Office of Health Management invites you to take our survey. We are hosting a short health and wellness survey on our website to understand how the residents of Morris County were affected and might still be.
The survey is anonymous and will help us better plan and respond to other storms that may come our way.
Here is the link:
If you have questions you can contact our office at 973-631-5484.
Extreme Cold Reminder from Governor Christie 01 06 2014
Monday, January 6, 2014
With dangerously low temperatures and
wind-chills expected tomorrow, Health Commissioner Mary O'Dowd is urging residents to
be sure to prepare for the extreme weather.
"Dress in layers, have an
emergency kit in your home and car, don't over-exert yourself when shoveling
snow and make sure to check on elderly neighbors and relatives," said O'Dowd.
"Exposure to extreme cold, for even short periods, can have major health
During extreme inclement weather, it also is important to
check on seniors and people with disabilities. "Frigid temperatures and
snowstorms may prevent or delay caregivers from getting to their client or
family member, right away," said Department of Human Services Commissioner
Jennifer Velez. "It's important to have one or two backup plans in place to
ensure that any health or prescription needs are met during a weather
The following is a list of tips to stay safe, healthy and
It's best to stay inside, but those who need to be outside should dress
warmly to avoid Hypothermia and Frostbite. Hypothermia is a drop of normal body
temperature from 98.6 degrees to 95 or lower that requires emergency medical
care. It can be especially dangerous for the very young and older adults and
individuals with chronic medical conditions. Symptoms include shivering,
slurred speech, irrational behavior, weakened pulse, shortness of breath and
- Dress in layers while outdoors and remember to wear a hat to help
retain body heat. If you get wet, change into dry clothes as soon as possible
- Be sure you eat and stay hydrated if you are going to be outdoors in
the extreme cold. Avoid drinking alcohol as it can accelerate the loss of body
- Use rock salt or other chemical de-icing compound to keep walkways,
steps, driveways and porches as ice-free as possible. Many cold-weather injuries
result from falls on ice-covered sidewalks and other surfaces around the home
- If you have heart disease or high blood pressure, follow your
doctor's advice about shoveling snow or performing other hard work in the cold
- When using a snow blower, read the owners' manual and follow all
- If you will be outdoors in the sun for an extended period, remember
to use sunscreen and sunglasses, particularly if you are at higher altitudes
- Stock your car with emergency gear, such as cell phone, jumper
cables, flashlight, sand or kitty litter for extra traction, ice scraper and
small shovel, and flares and other warning devices. For long car trips, carry
food, water, extra blankets and required medications
- Have at least a half tank of gas in your car to keep the fuel line
- In advance of the storm, charge all electronic devices
Frostbite is an injury to the body that is caused by freezing. Frostbite
causes a loss of feeling and color in affected areas. It most often affects the
nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers, or toes. Frostbite can permanently damage the
body, and severe cases can lead to amputation. Symptoms include: white or
grayish-yellow skin areas, skin that feels unusually firm or waxy, and
For more information on Frost Bite and Hypothermia please visit: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/staysafe/frostbite.asp
In case of a power outage, make arrangements to move to a heated location.
Senior centers and libraries are typically used by municipalities as heating
centers. Residents should contact their municipality or county for information
on heating centers in their area. You should also call your utility to
determine repair schedules.
Turn off or unplug lights and appliances to
prevent a circuit overload when power is restored, turn on the faucets slightly
to prevent pipes from freezing, and use only safe sources of alternate heat,
such as a fireplace or small well-vented wood or coal stove or portable space
heater. Remember to always follow manufacturer's guidelines. For more
information, please visit: http://ready.nj.gov/plan/winter-home.html
New Jersey 2-1-1 has more information on cold weather preparedness, including
county resources at: http://www.nj211.org/coldweather09.cfm.
The New Jersey Office of Emergency Management (NJOEM) works closely with the
National Weather Service and the National Hurricane Center regarding storm
predictions and forecasts. The NJOEM website contains links to the County OEM
social media pages and alerting systems. Online resources for weather
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